Popular cities in Uzbekistan

Uzbekistan, located in Central Asia, is home to several popular cities that attract visitors from all around the world. One such city is Samarkand, which is known for its stunning architecture and rich history. With its roots dating back to the 8th century BC, Samarkand has served as an important cultural and trade center along the Silk Road. Today, this city boasts an impressive collection of UNESCO World Heritage-listed sites, including the Registan Square and the breathtaking Gur-e-Amir mausoleum. These landmarks offer a glimpse into the city’s past and its enduring significance in the region.

Next on the list is Bukhara, a city that has witnessed the rise and fall of multiple empires throughout history. Renowned for its well-preserved old town, Bukhara transports visitors back in time with its authentic atmosphere and ancient monuments. With more than 140 architectural structures, including mosques, madrasas, and minarets, the city showcases the epitome of Islamic art and culture. A captivating statistic reveals that Bukhara has been continuously inhabited for over 2,500 years, making it one of the oldest cities in Central Asia.

Tashkent, the capital of Uzbekistan, is another popular city that deserves recognition. Though it was greatly affected by the 1966 earthquake, the city has made a remarkable recovery and now stands proudly as a modern metropolis. Tashkent blends the old with the new, showcasing Soviet-era architecture alongside contemporary skyscrapers. The city’s significance lies in its role as a major diplomatic, cultural, and economic hub. Remarkably, Tashkent is also home to the largest number of museums in Central Asia, offering diverse collections that provide insights into Uzbekistan’s rich heritage.

Uzbekistan’s popular cities serve as testaments to the country’s historical and cultural significance. These cities not only offer a treasure trove of architectural wonders but also invite visitors to immerse themselves in the vibrant traditions and customs of the Uzbek people. From wandering through the bustling bazaars to marveling at intricate tilework, each city presents a unique experience that highlights the country’s enduring allure. So, step into the enchanting world of Uzbekistan’s popular cities and embrace the blend of ancient history and modern vibrancy that awaits you within their walls.

Popular cities in Uzbekistan

What are the most popular cities to visit in Uzbekistan?

Uzbekistan, a country in Central Asia, boasts a rich cultural heritage and breathtaking sights. From ancient cities to modern metropolises, this country has a lot to offer. Discover the bustling markets of Samarkand, explore the magnificent architecture of Bukhara, or immerse yourself in the vibrant atmosphere of Tashkent. In this article, we will delve deeper into these popular cities in Uzbekistan, uncovering their unique charm, historical significance, and must-visit attractions.

Popular cities in Uzbekistan

Uzbekistan, the land of ancient Silk Road routes and breathtaking architectural marvels, is known for its vibrant cities that showcase the rich culture and history of the Central Asian region. Here, we delve into the most popular cities in Uzbekistan that attract both domestic and international tourists:


Tashkent, the capital city of Uzbekistan, is a modern metropolis that seamlessly blends old-world charm with contemporary developments. The city is home to numerous museums, mausoleums, and monuments that reflect its cultural heritage. Some popular attractions in Tashkent include the Khast Imam Complex, Chorsu Bazaar, and the State Museum of History of Uzbekistan. Moreover, Tashkent’s bustling streets, vibrant markets, and a wide array of restaurants and cafes make it an exciting destination for visitors.


Samarkand, with its magnificent architecture and historical significance, is a must-visit city in Uzbekistan. It was a key hub along the ancient Silk Road and is now a UNESCO World Heritage site. The iconic Registan Square, Shah-i-Zinda complex, and Gur-e-Amir mausoleum are some of the architectural gems that attract tourists from around the world. The city’s captivating beauty, coupled with its cultural and historical significance, make it a popular choice for travelers.


Bukhara, often referred to as an open-air museum, is renowned for its well-preserved ancient buildings and monuments. With over 140 architectural structures dating back to the Middle Ages, Bukhara offers a glimpse into the country’s rich history. The Kalon Minaret, Ark of Bukhara, and Po-i-Kalan complex are some of the notable attractions that draw visitors to this enchanting city. Bukhara’s unique atmosphere, adorned with traditional bazaars and bustling streets, adds to its allure.


Khiva, a city with an exceptionally well-preserved old town, is a hidden gem in Uzbekistan. This UNESCO World Heritage site showcases a remarkable collection of historic buildings and offers a glimpse into the country’s ancient past. The Ichon-Qala fortress, Juma Mosque, and Tash-Hauli Palace are some of the architectural wonders that make Khiva an unforgettable destination. Walking through the narrow streets of the old town, one can truly immerse themselves in the rich history of this captivating city.


According to the Uzbekistan State Committee for Tourism Development, the number of international tourists visiting Uzbekistan increased by 27% in 2019, reaching a total of 6.7 million visitors. This growth indicates the rising popularity of Uzbekistan as a tourist destination, with its cities being major attractions for travelers.

FAQs about Popular Cities in Uzbekistan

1. What are the popular cities to visit in Uzbekistan?

The popular cities to visit in Uzbekistan include Tashkent, Samarkand, Bukhara, Khiva, and Shakhrisabz.

2. Which city is the capital of Uzbekistan?

The capital city of Uzbekistan is Tashkent.

3. What is special about Samarkand?

Samarkand is famous for its stunning architecture, historical sites such as Registan Square, Bibi-Khanym Mosque, and the mausoleum of Timur.

4. Are there any UNESCO World Heritage sites in Uzbekistan?

Yes, Uzbekistan is home to several UNESCO World Heritage sites, including the historic centers of Bukhara, Samarkand, and Khiva.

5. Is it safe to travel to Uzbekistan?

Yes, Uzbekistan is generally considered a safe country to travel to. However, it is always advisable to take regular safety precautions and stay informed about the local situation.

6. Can I visit Uzbekistan without a visa?

No, most visitors to Uzbekistan require a visa to enter the country. However, Uzbekistan has recently introduced an e-visa system, making the visa application process easier for many nationalities.

7. How can I get around in Uzbekistan?

Uzbekistan has a well-connected transportation system. You can travel between cities by train, bus, or domestic flights. Within cities, there are taxis, buses, and metro systems available.

8. What is the best time to visit Uzbekistan?

The best time to visit Uzbekistan is in spring (April to June) and autumn (September to November) when the weather is pleasant and temperatures are mild.

9. Are there any traditional Uzbek dishes that I should try?

Absolutely! Some traditional Uzbek dishes you should try include pilaf, manti, shashlik, and shurpa. These dishes offer a delicious taste of the local cuisine.

10. What souvenirs can I buy in Uzbekistan?

Uzbekistan is known for its beautiful handcrafted items. You can buy souvenirs such as traditional ceramics, silk scarves, handmade carpets, and intricately embroidered textiles.


In conclusion, Uzbekistan offers a captivating blend of ancient history, diverse cultures, and stunning architectural wonders through its popular cities. Samarkand stands out as a must-visit destination with its majestic Registan Square, where visitors can marvel at the intricate tilework and grandeur of the three stunning madrasas. The city of Bukhara enchants with its well-preserved historic center, where the Kalyan Minaret and Ark Citadel showcase the country’s rich heritage. Meanwhile, the capital city of Tashkent impresses with its modern infrastructure and beautiful parks, such as Amir Timur Square and Independence Square.

Khiva, known for its well-preserved ancient city walls, provides a unique experience of stepping back in time as visitors explore its narrow streets and ancient architecture. Nukus, although less touristy, offers the fascinating Savitsky Art Museum, a treasure trove of Russian and Uzbek artwork. Along the Silk Road, Shakhrisabz entices travelers with its Timurid-era monuments, notably the grand Ak-Saray Palace. And finally, Fergana Valley provides a picturesque escape with its stunning mountain landscapes and vibrant bazaars.

Overall, the popularity of these cities derives from the combination of their awe-inspiring historical sites, rich cultural heritage, and warm and welcoming locals. Uzbekistan’s vibrant cities have much to offer, inviting visitors to embark on a journey of discovery and immerse themselves in the country’s fascinating history and traditions.

Read more about backpacking in Uzbekistan